In recent years, two new grant-giving mechanisms have appeared and are being actively used by the non-profit sector in Russia. The first is federal support from the President of the Russian Federation to non-profits through grant-giving institutions. The second is the allotment of subsidies to socially oriented non-profits by the Ministry of Economic Development. Both mechanisms give out the money based on competitions.
Experts from Transparency International-Russia (TI-R) consider that the distribution of government means should be founded on the principles of transparency and integrity, and include mechanisms to decrease the risk of corruption. This, of course, relates to the competition procedures, which decide the winner of the grant.
Any system of allotment of government means needs control. In contrast to an institute of government procurement, for example, the allotment of federal support to non-profit organizations is not always given much attention by the public. So, Transparency International-Russia has initiated its own monitoring of the sphere.
In October 2012, TI experts presented the "Monitoring Allotment of Government Means to Socially Oriented Non-Profit Organizations" report, which focused on possible conflicts of interest of members of the regional competition committees.i In 2013, the "Report on Transparency of Federal Allocation Systems Supporting Non-Profit Organizations" was completed and marked the beginning of our annual monitoring of the two competitions that give out federal grants to non-profits.