Transparency International published the Corruption Perception Index (CPI) for 2019. Like last year, Russia scored 28 out of 100 and moved up one position to 137th out of 180. The Dominican Republic, Kenya, Liberia, Lebanon, Mauritania, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay and Uganda scored the same.
The Corruption Perceptions Index ranks 180 countries and territories by their perceived levels of public sector corruption, according to experts and business people. This year’s analysis shows corruption is more pervasive in countries where big money can flow freely into electoral campaigns and where governments listen only to the voices of wealthy or well-connected individuals.
Russia’s position in the CPI has remained stable in recent years. From 2015 to 2017, it scored 29 points each, lost one point in 2018, and remained unchanged in 2019. There have been more significant changes in Russia’s position in the rankings: in 2015 it was 119th, in 2016 it was 131st, in 2017 it was 135th and in 2018 it was 138th. These fluctuations are not only due to changes in the rankings of other countries and the inclusion or exclusion of some countries from the index, but also to the fact that systemic anti-corruption efforts have been replaced by isolated criminal cases, existing anti-corruption instruments have not been developed, and the Convention on Civil Liability for Corruption has still not been ratified by Russia.
Top scoring countries on the Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI) like Denmark, Switzerland and Iceland are not immune to corruption. While the CPI shows these public sectors to be among the cleanest in the world, corruption still exists, particularly in cases of money laundering and other private sector corruption.
The Nordic economies stand out as leaders on the CPI, with Denmark (87), Finland (86), Sweden (85), Norway (84) and Iceland (78) taking five of the top 11 places.
However, integrity at home does not always translate into integrity abroad, and multiple scandals in 2019 demonstrated that transnational corruption is often facilitated, enabled and perpetuated by seemingly clean Nordic countries.